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Mysticism

28-129 | Friday, 9 a.m. | 215
Session Chair: Markus Vinzent

Nagehan Ceylanlar

A 'Muslim Nun's Unusual Experience in `The Discalced Carmelite Monastery`

Mysticism, which has stemmed from the attempt of deepening the individual experience of human being’s search for the Divine and a living under the Divine blessing, has a great role in the practise of religious life. One of the examples of these mystical experiences is the monastic tradition of the `Discalced Carmelite Nuns` in Christianity. This paper has been written by a Muslim female researcher who has had an academic interest in comparing Christian mysticism with Islamic Sufism and has been exceptionally welcomed by the Carmelite nuns who opened to her their monastery gates in Fano-Italy with enthusiasm and tolerance. The paper looks at the daily life of the Discalced Carmelite nuns under the Rule of the Order as well as the experience of a Muslim researcher in a Catholic monastic community for approximately a 6-months period.

Hiroko Taguchi

Seelengrund“ and der „heilige Sinn“ – Meister Eckhart‘s and Novalis’s Mystic Thinkings

Franz Hemsterhuis’ s “sense of moral” inspires das concept of “sense of the sacred” in Novalis. It signifies the moral organ receiving the sacred. From the standpoint of philosophy of history Christianity or Europe explains that it is inherent in human nature, but does not function under poor environment: the concentration of interest on life in this world and the predominance of reason over feeling and mind exterminate it. Novalis criticizes that this extermination causes the abandonment of a link with the other and a loss of solidarity in society. Plato’s “the eye of the soul” leads to Meister Eckhart’s “God’s ground” and “the ground of the soul” through Neoplatonism, which influences upon Hemsterhuis. This paper elucidates that the sense of the sacred is in the mystic tradition of „the eye of the soul” and encounter with God as individual experience arouses a sense of mission building solidarity

Stepan Lisy

Kuhnʼs Structure of Scientific Revolutions applied on the Study of Mysticism

Scholars of mysticism assume the universality of mysticism. They do not use the term mysticism as a reference term. Often they refer to the concept of mystical union (unio mystica) as mysticism. So, one kind of mysticism is the mystical union and the other kind is where the such an union is absent (e.g. Schäfer). It seems, that the mystical union is a criterion (Idel), and helps us to classify mystical traditions. But there are scholars who disagree and do not need to introduce the concept of mysticism, e.g. in Plotinus (Gerson). According T. S. Kuhn we can harmonize an anomaly with the dominating paradigm theory or explain an anomaly in a different paradigm theory and see whether it helps or not. So far there is only one formulated by S.N. Balagangadhara. Based on this paradigm theory we can question the universality of mysticism.