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Philosophy of Religion 2

B047
Session Chair: N.N. | Monday, August 24, 9-11 a.m. | Venue

Tyler Beasley

Eshu and the Human Condition

Human beings are defined by an inherent and undeniable instinct for unpredictability. As a species that has a relentless desire to achieve greater feats, more risks must be taken – more opportunities to try and, therefore, fail at certain activities or practices. Within this desire, the crux of humanity (and what distinguishes it) is found - something known as the “human condition.” This paper will discuss the role of the trickster within the context of the “human condition”—specifically, Eshu of Yoruba. This paper will investigate the relationship between Eshu and the “human condition;” essentially, the commentary that can be provided regarding how Eshu informs this archetype. I will examine closely the symbolism of certain aspects of this deity, relating it to the facets of the “human condition.” It will be noted that this deity exists (whether consciously or subconsciously) to address the aforementioned “relentless desire” that human beings possess.

Ion Josan

Christianity, the “Political” and the spectre of “Possibility”

Martin Heidegger is one of the most important European thinkers of the 20th century. His philosophy is a veritable critique of the “mechanization” of human life. The heideggerian interrogation proposes a return to the very problem of “grounding” trying to recapture an authentic state of the “being”. The implication of such an endeavor are multiple and long running. The aim of this article is to show how the thought of Martin Heidegger reopens the space for a philosophical perspective that gradually intakes a Christian tension. This quest for the authentic ”Dasein” marks a philosophical attitude that aims to brake the chains of the ”political” absolutism of the mechanized, technologized world making the spectrum of ”possibility” plausible. So that in” Being and Time” we find, as Bultman puts it, the very structure of religious and Christian existence but without the ontico-mythical worldview that was an idiosyncratic feature of first-century cosmologies. This article aim is to show how this philosophical demarche opened the way for a philosophical revalorization of the Christian legacy in the European philosophy, that gradually fundaments an alternative to the “Political”. Placing human being under the sign of the ”possible”, outside mechanized, unauthentic formulas that close our understanding of pluralism and ”otherness”, we can once more position our self under de latency of Salvation.

Laura Navajas Espinal

Strategies of Hermeneutics and Philosophical Space in Qumran and Ishmaili Thought

The aim of this paper is to find connecting elements between two communities (Qumranite and Ishmaili), which share as a conceptual structure a new way of understanding hermeneutics. With the mystical proposals by thinkers such as Rosenzweig, Scholem or Benjamin, complemented by the relationship between desert and “thinking of the outside” (Blanchot, Foucault), it is possible to break with the linearity of the event in metahistorical conceptions not liable to totalization and where the process of fall and redemption is condensed. My contribution attempts to outline the basis of such a shared discourse between communities, both regarding hermeneutic justifications of authority and the crafting of non-physical spaces of relationship between community and revelation.

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