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Mythology and Mythological Themes

B103
Session Chair: N.N. | Friday, August 28, 9-11 a.m. | Venue

Antonia Bertocchi

The Cybernetic Dynamics of Trinity Religion: From the harmony of the Triple Goddess to the dogma of Trinity God

The author proposes the investigation of some passages leading from Goddess Trinity to the dogma of male Holy Trinity. This way, starting from Pleistocene Age allows to put in evidence the value of the anthropological method, in order to understand the survival value of magic-religious codes based on matricentric power. Magic- religious systems elaborated an ecological and social concept of culture of immanent sacred into nature, patriarchal power has destroyed and lost. It can help us to re-appropriate the humanization process control.

Stefan Heep

Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl: the legend of the priest-king of Tollan as a result of cultural impact

After the conquest the Aztec elite needed a new authorization of power instead of war and human sacrifices to maintain their privileges. Hernán Cortés provided a new strategy. In his second report he justified his forbidden conquest by claiming a Spanish-Christian origin of the Aztecs. Regarding Charles V. as their former leader, who had returned, the Aztecs had voluntarily accepted their subjugation. Therefore Charles V. would have the right to call himself „Mexican emperor“ - equal to the Roman-German emperor, who claimed to represent Jesus Christ on earth. Indeed Cortés described Charles V. as the messiah of the new world. The Aztec elite took Cortés' assertions to transform the subordinate god Quetzalcoatl into the messiah of the Aztecs, who founded the „Mexican empire“. The wind-god, who turned into the morning-star, became after the conquest a figure of legitimacy („priest-king of Tollan“) equal to the political Jesus Christ.

Erik Alvstad

Feasting on the Flesh of Monsters: The Messianic Banquet in Rabbinic Tradition

In the rabbinic literature the biblical monsters Leviathan and Behemoth are associated with the idea of a grand feast in “the world to come”. During this messianic banquet the two monsters will provide the righteous with food and entertainment: Not only will the monsters amuse the righteous by being engaged in a wild-beast contest, but when they have fought and eventually killed each other the spectators are supposed to dine on their meat. This paper interprets the banquet motif by reference to a notion associated with Bakhtin and Burke, viz. the “carnivalesque”. According to Burke the three main themes of the carnival were food, sex and violence. Other important themes were reversal and renewal. It will be shown that these themes are pivotal to the vision of the eschatological banquet. Through an examination of the banquet’s carnivalesque aspects some important cultural meanings conveyed by the motif will be discussed.

Christina Nikolajew

Zum Forschungsstand Litauischer Mythologie und Religion

In den vergangenen Jahrzehnten wurde von litauischen Religionswissenschaftlern, Ethnologen, Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaftlern und Archäologen viel zum Thema ge- und erarbeitet. N. Vėlius hat u.a. alle ihm zugänglichen Quellen und Forschungsergebnisse zusammengetragen. G. Beresnevičius begann dieses Material zu typisieren und darin vorhandene Strukturen herauszuarbeiten. Mit der vergleichenden Religionswissenschaft und phänomenologischen Prinzipien erstellte er ein (vorläufiges) Bild eines Systems. Daraus ergibt sich, dass die litauische Mythologie und Religion wahrscheinlich ein zentraler, eigenständiger Bestandteil des indoeuropäischen transalpinen Raumes (von Kelten bis zu den Iranern) und Knotenpunkt eines effektiven Religionsdialogs war. Mutmaßlich haben sich in ihr die ältesten Besonderheiten einer indoeuropäischen Protoreligion erhalten. Diese litauischen Forschungen eröffnen ein phänomenologisches Forschungsfeld. Es entsteht Material, das immer wieder aufs Neue untersucht und erforscht werden kann. Eine Herausforderung für alle, die sich für den Wandel und die Beharrlichkeit von Religion über Jahrhunderte, unter verschiedensten historischen Einflüssen, interessieren.

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Thematic Outline

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