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Mysticism

B049
Session Chair: N.N. | Friday, August 28, 9-11 a.m. | Venue

Nagehan Ceylanlar

A 'Muslim Nun's Unusual Experience in `The Discalced Carmelite Monastery`

Mysticism, which has stemmed from the attempt of deepening the individual experience of human being’s search for the Divine and a living under the Divine blessing, has a great role in the practise of religious life. One of the examples of these mystical experiences is the monastic tradition of the `Discalced Carmelite Nuns` in Christianity. This paper has been written by a Muslim female researcher who has had an academic interest in comparing Christian mysticism with Islamic Sufism and has been exceptionally welcomed by the Carmelite nuns who opened to her their monastery gates in Fano-Italy with enthusiasm and tolerance. The paper looks at the daily life of the Discalced Carmelite nuns under the Rule of the Order as well as the experience of a Muslim researcher in a Catholic monastic community for approximately a 6-months period.

Stepan Lisy

Kuhnʼs Structure of Scientific Revolutions applied on the Study of Mysticism

Scholars of mysticism assume the universality of mysticism. They do not use the term mysticism as a reference term. Often they refer to the concept of mystical union (unio mystica) as mysticism. So, one kind of mysticism is the mystical union and the other kind is where such an union is absent (e.g. Schäfer). It seems, that the mystical union is a criterion (Idel), and helps us to classify mystical traditions. But there are scholars who disagree and do not need to introduce the concept of mysticism, e.g. in Plotinus (Gerson). According T. S. Kuhn we can harmonize an anomaly with the dominating paradigm theory or explain an anomaly in a different paradigm theory and see whether it helps or not. So far there is only one formulated by S.N. Balagangadhara. Based on this paradigm theory we can question the universality of mysticism.

Ching-Ling Wang

Two performances of ritual for Goddess beliefs of new religious movements in modern Taiwanese society

This paper will analyze two performances of ritual based on Goddess myths of the Queen Mother and the Goddess of Mercy (Avalokitesìvara) among the increasing female mysticism in modern Taiwanese society. I will focus on: 1. How Chinese patriarchal hierarchy of divinity in traditional religious communities is influenced by Goddess beliefs which emphasize inner-relationship between the individual and the sacred. 2. How the female believers which dominate new religious movements, through the performances of healing and salvation rituals, attain the liberation of the Self, and deliver the miserable Other such as ancestors and spiritual beings from suffering, and, thus doing, create the illusion of resolving the trauma and alienation of family relationships in Taiwanese industrial society.

Hiroko Taguchi

„Seelengrund“ and der „heilige Sinn“ – Meister Eckhart‘s and Novalis’s Mystic Thinkings

Franz Hemsterhuis’ “sense of moral” inspires das concept of “sense of the sacred” in Novalis. It signifies the moral organ receiving the sacred. From the standpoint of philosophy of history Christianity or Europe explains that it is inherent in human nature, but does not function under poor environment: the concentration of interest on life in this world and the predominance of reason over feeling and mind exterminate it. Novalis criticizes that this extermination causes the abandonment of a link with the other and a loss of solidarity in society. Plato’s “the eye of the soul” leads to Meister Eckhart’s “God’s ground” and “the ground of the soul” through Neoplatonism, which influences upon Hemsterhuis. This paper elucidates that the sense of the sacred is in the mystic tradition of „the eye of the soul” and encounter with God as individual experience arouses a sense of mission building solidarity.

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