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Developments within Russian Orthodoxy in Past and Present (2/2)

B084
Session Chair: Vasilios Makrides | Monday, August 25, 9-11 a.m. | Venue

Tatiana Folieva

The results of the introduction of the religious subject into the school educational program (according to qualitative research data)

In the Russian Federation a course “Basics of religious cultures and society ethics” has been introduced into the school educational program. We conducted a qualitative research, aiming to discover to what extent these courses have an impact on the religiosity of the children. At the end of the research we've obtained 720 drawings. The religiosity is higher among those children where the subject "Fundamentals of Orthodox culture" is taught from the first grade. A course "Fundamentals of Orthodox culture" outlines a concept of religion, but the kids keep this knowledge in mind only under constant review of the learned material. After the 6th grade, the child starts to develop his own vision of God that differs from the one introduced to him during lessons. Thus, the existing system of education and the presence of school subjects on religious culture do not affect the religiosity of children.

German Bokov

Science and Religion in the Russian Federation nowadays: Conflict or Conversation?

The report discusses the main aspects of the relationship between science and religion in the Russian Federation nowadays. It shows an official position of the Russian Orthodox Church concerning the latest scientific developments, secular culture and education, and the separate views of different scientists and theologians about it. The paper deals with approaches to religion both within modern evolutionary and theological theories. In particular, the paper examines a problem of teaching bases of religious cultures and secular ethics in high school and religious studies in the higher educational system. It’s connected with negative reaction from the academic community in the Russian Federation towards some attempts to introduce theology into secular space, science and education.

Elena Medvedeva

Penitentiary religiosity in Russia

The problem of religiosity among prisoners is studied through different aspects in social science and humanities. The main attention is paid to the role of religion in a prison colony as one of the correctional methods of work with prisoners. Socio-psychological studies of religious component in everyday life of prison colony reveal contradictions in the attitudes to the role of religion for prisoners. Notwithstanding that correctional authorities cooperate actively with religious organization, mostly with Russian Orthodox Church as the most predictable and well-known partner, divine worships are public and play generally pedagogical role. So prisoners prefer to attend divine worships even though they do not practice religion themselves. Most of prisoners show only superficial religiosity. Participation in official events approved by correctional authorities (celebration of religious holydays, church building) is seen as obvious sign of correction and is taken into account in case of parole.

Tatiana Chumakova

Orthodox Marginals and Traditionalism in Modern Russia

The purpose of this report is to show the influence of concepts of traditionalism on the ideology of marginal Orthodox groups that exist within the Moscow Patriarchate as well as within other Orthodox churches in Russia. Despite the diversity they can all be characterized by the politicization of Orthodoxy. The following traditionalists can be mentioned as the most popular in Russia: A. Dugin, Julius Evola and Cornelius Codreanu. Works of Codreanu and memoirs about him are especially popular among traditionalists, who have positioned themselves as "orthodox fascists." Such people look for reinforcement of their ideas in the history of emigre organizations, and in particular in the history of the Harbin Orthodox fascist organizations. Part of the traditionalists who declare their commitment to Orthodoxy, in their views and literature they have read are closer to the Western neo-Nazis. In their midst Russian translations of Savitri Devi and Miguel Serrano are popular. The influence of political orthodoxy and traditionalism is visible in the adopted in November 2014 on the "World Russian People's Council" "Declaration of Russian identity", as well as in the reports of the"Valdai Club."

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