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Contemporary European Religiosities II

B057
Session Chair: N.N. | Tuesday, August 25, 3:30-5:30 p.m. | Venue

Gábor Ittzés

Salvation and Religiosity: The Predictive Strength of a Rokeach Value Survey Item

The paper presents empirical findings of a national Rokeach Value Survey (RVS) from Hungary. We analysed data recorded in connection with the 4th wave of the European Social Survey (N = 1144) to determine whether the Salvation item of the RVS can be used as an indicator of religiosity. We performed statistical tests, including crosstabs and Pearson’s correlation to compare the RVS Salvation to four other indicators of religiosity, and found that it stands in statistically significant moderate association with them. We also found that RVS Salvation correlates with the religiosity principal component (based on the four indicators) in terms of key demographical characteristics (age, gender, education, and domicile). Overall, a smaller proportion of the sample proved religious and a larger proportion explicitly irreligious by the RVS Salvation test, which we found a somewhat stricter indicator of religiosity than the other four measurements but generally able to predict religiousness in a sample.

Svetlana Karassyova

Cross-confessional study of the types of religiosity: constructing universal parameters (Belarusian example)

The 2012–2014 all-republican survey was aimed at discovering the universal types of religiosity of the modern Belarusians. One of the tasks was to construct cross-confessional parameters of religiosity corresponding not only different religions, but also different types of religions. The universal parameters were set in the questionnaire as generalized statements. The problem of appropriate recognizability of those abstract statements by the respondents—the bearers of a certain style of conversation, way of thought and life—was one of the risks for the project. Therefore, the questionnaire, along with the list of prepared answers, contains an ‘other’ option. The analysis of answers given by the respondents as ‘other’ and its concordance with the menu of answers proved that the universality and the constructed abstract statements are correct. The paper offers the results of the analysis and the examples of answers. A wide applicability of the constructed universal parameters is noted based on the assumption that Belarus is a model of poly-confessional societies.

Anna Mariya Basauri Ziuzina, Oleg Kyselov

Religions on Maidan: the case of Orthodox Christians and Jews

The goal of the paper is to study how Jews and Orthodox Christians affected social change in Ukraine during Maidan (a general name for the protest rallies taking place in November 2013 – February 2014). Starting December 2013 the presence of religious organizations became noticeable. The inter-religious council (including Eastern Orthodox Church and Jewish religious community) made public statements on the social situation. Rabbis claimed that Jews participate in protests only as individuals, not as a religious community, but the presence of religious Jews was obvious at Maidan. They were convinced to fulfill the mitzvah of tikkun olam. Unlike Jews the Orthodox Christians officially were active on Maidan: Orthodox priests blessed rally participants from the stage, prayer tents were organized, ecumenical prayers were held regularly etc. Although Eastern Orthodox Church and Jewish religious community had different public positions, their members actively participated in Maidan, making social changes in Ukraine real.

Atsushi Koyanagi

Avant-garde and Arrière-garde in German Protestantism

In the recent researches on the history of modern theology, dialectical theology is characterized as the theological avant-garde. Although this characteristic is useful, it could become a superficial theory of generation. Then, I propose in my paper that the idea of „Arrière-garde“ should be introduced in the study of the modern German protestantism. „Arrière-garde“ is the remarkable notion in the study of the modern French literature history. It has a potentiality to consider the continuity, as well as the gap, between the dialectical theologians and the older theologians such as Ernst Troeltsch and Wilhelm Bousset. With the notion of „Arrière-garde“, I try to place the shift from the liberal protestantism to the dialectical theology in the wider cultural movements.

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