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Contemporary European Religiosities I

Session Chair: N.N. | Tuesday, August 25, 9-11 a.m. | Venue

Elena Stepanova

Multiple moralities in Russia: religious and secular components

Today’s Russia is a place of multiple moralities (moral bricolage), which combine a variety of conflicting discourses. So-called "traditional" religions, Russian Orthodox Church in particular, view themselves as the only source of "true" morality based on traditional values. Religion in Russia is unquestionably a major moral authority not only for those who regularly practice religion, but also for a great majority of non-religious individuals. At the same time, the very presence of traditional values in public discourse reveals serious controversies in the search for new national identity, as well as the lack of reliable common values, which can give meaning and structure to everyday lives. There is increasingly widening gap between the declarative moral values on the level of collective representations, which do not manifest themselves in actual behavior of people, and the operational values, i.e., principles and rules of behavior of people in their daily lives.

Anja Terkamo-Moisio

Religiosity among nursing students in Finland

This paper aims to describe the religiosity of the nursing students (n=91) in five polytechnics in Finland. A cross-sectional electronic survey, including the Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS), was conducted in May 2014. Most of the participants were female (91%). Their ages varied from 19 to 54 years, mean age was 31 years. Only 9% of the participants were highly religious and 39 % of them were non-religious. The means of different categories varied from 2.06 to 2.94 where ideology was the strongest and experience the weakest category. Adherence to a religion was a significant factor in all other categories, except intellect. The age of the participant was significant in category private. Non-religious nursing students confront the spiritual needs of religious patients, which may lead to dissatisfaction on both sides. More information is needed about the religiosity of nursing students in order to improve the quality and ethics of care.

Göran Ståhle

Self-help culture and holistic beliefs in relation to Ayurveda in Sweden

This is as study of persons using Ayurveda as self-help in relation to holistic health practices in Sweden. A survey was given to all persons attending a centre for Ayurveda in Stockholm, Sweden during 2014. A selection of 20 persons where done for in-depth interviews. The participants display dissatisfaction with biomedicine. A belief that a state of perfect health is reachable by holistic medicine is held, but practical reasons are cited as explanations for not being able to live according to the guidelines given. The participants also emphasize how holistic medicine is making them able to be active agents in relation to their health issues. This pertains even to their use of Ayurveda where they display a critical and pragmatical attitude. The persons pick and chose the parts that they perceive as working for themselves and relate them to other holistic health methods.

Klaran Visscher

Jozef Rulof and the revelations of the Age of Christ. Modern religiosity in the Netherlands

My PhD project addresses the case of Jozef Rulof (1898-1952), a marginal but constant figure within modern Dutch religious history. As a self-proclaimed prophet and medium in the service of ‘The Other Side’, Rulof operated as a painter, trance lecturer and writer of many books that remained, albeit within very small circles, relevant as spiritual guidelines for daily life, to the present day. Over twenty years of writing and lecturing Rulof developed a complex system of rules and principles that address more or less everything in life, space and time, combining elements from his Christian background, which at the same time he fiercely opposes, with specific notions from Theosophy, which he also rejects. His aim was to prepare humanity for the coming of a new era, the Age of Christ, which his nowadays followers believe to really have been starting around 1945, finding proof in Rulof’s writings and post-war societal and historical events.


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