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Religious Community in Modern Ukrainian Realities

A174
Panel Chair: Yevgen Kharkovshchenko | Tuesday, August 25, 1:30-3 p.m. | Venue

Nowadays we can observe the growth of number of believers in Ukraine. In 2013 the number of people who call themselves “believers” was 67% and in 2014 — 76%. Thus 76% of respondents believe that the Church must protect the population from the government and its possible crimes. This data was confirmed by Euromaidan, which is a specific marker certifying civil priorities of the Church during the political protest movement. The church as a spiritual community of different religious organizations, groups of believers and clerics demonstrated its own civil nature. Praying together the priests of different denominations showed real unity of different historical and religious roots in one political nation. Thus, the Church can make possible the establishment of peace in Ukraine: on the one hand, uniting the socially active individual believers, on the other — using the desire of different denominations to influence important public processes.

Oksana Zadoianchuk

Religious orthodox community in modern Ukrainian realities

Given the current socio-political processes in the country, combining the idea of unified national church with the process of nation-building, there are heated debates in society to overcome the split in Ukrainian Orthodoxy. The most numerous Orthodox jurisdictions participate in this dialogue - Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Ukrainian Orthodox Church-Kyiv Patriarchate, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church. Each of these religious communities, incorporates in the overall process of mediatization of religion, socio-cultural division of the state and operates on the way to become a unified national church. Among the effective methods that the Orthodox communities use to find support from the people - the usage of media in their work, such as vigorous activity in the Internet, broadcasts on television and radio, print media production. Therefore, during changes in modern Ukraine, Ukrainian religious Orthodox communities also experience transformation, demonstrating the fact of responding to the challenges of our time.

Denys Predko

Religious faith - the path to understanding

Protest movement in Ukraine proved that the Church can be both mediator between protesters and authorities, and unifying factor of representatives of the different religions. Denial of human dignity has become a strong activator of religious faith, which consolidated the religious communities, shifted its emphasis from church-state relations into the level of cooperation between themselves and society. Religious faith, on the one hand - a belief in someone or something by identifying their truth and values, on the other - a trust acting as a factor by which religious truth is determined, even when there is no proof. Lawlessness of the government only reinforced adepts of different religions in their faith, strengthened its dialogic and opened space for coexistence of different religious paradigms and at the same time - space for ecumenical paradigm, which constitutes the principle of tolerance as a construct of understanding, respect, and acceptance of others with a different outlook.

Olga Iarotska

Religious catholic community in modern Ukrainian realities

An important factor in the institutionalization of Roman Catholicism in the independent Ukraine was the revival of Polish national life. There was a mix of national and cultural life of the Polish minority with activities of Catholic churches and communities. This has contributed to national and confessional identification of Polish Ukrainians, of which, the according to 1989 national census, almost 220 thousand lived in Ukraine. Parishioner members of the Polish national associations and societies are primarily concerned with church cases, organization and registration of new religious communities, of which there were more than 1,000 on the 1st of December 2014. Thus, since Ukraine's independence, the number of communities of Roman Catholics has increased almost 12-fold. In this way in recent years, newly created communities in the east and south of Ukraine (over 120 parishes) have built dozens of new modern churches.

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