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Religion and Democracy in the Age of Globalization

A231
Panel Chair: Maria Marczewska-Rytko | Friday, August 28, 1:30-3 p.m. | Venue

It should be observed that the religion and democracy interrelations’ significance is increasingly pressing as our interest drifts towards societies dominated by great, universalizing religions, Islam being only one of them. From the above, a question arises of whether the notions of religion and democracy, as mentioned in the title of proposed panel, are reconcilable within a single order in the first place. We can distinguish three types of such relations: religion favours democracy, is indifferent to democracy, or is harmful to democracy. In one point of view, religion is by nature contradictory to the democratic order, it is in a sense its direct opposite. Supporters of an alternative viewpoint claim that in the long run, a democratic system is not viable without the basis of notions such as religion, and therefore religion does play a vital part in the social order. Finally, the third approach basically acknowledges the fact that no definitive claims can be made as to the possibility of agreement between religion and democracy. Nowadays, the concept of democracy is usually more specifically translated as liberal democracy, while democratic order is similarly equivalent to liberal-democratic order. While maintaining rationality, we may discuss the acceptance of democratic rules as a plausible basis. There are the issues stemming from various historical backgrounds and cultural roots. One of the most noteworthy questions is that of compatibility between the western type of democracy and the cultural conditioning of other civilisations. The above is in fact a significant question in these deliberations, as particular civilisational systems tend to turn to specific religious systems for the definition of roles to be played by the individual, the society, state and law in the established social order. We are interested both in analyses connected with theoretical and practical dimensions in the age of globalisation.

Maria Marczewska-Rytko

Christian Democracy in the process of democratic transformation in Poland after 1989

The Christian Democratic movement invokes the principles of the social teachings of the Church. The problems of community, solidarity, subsidiarity and respect for private property are emphasised. The main hypothesis of the paper is that the Christian Democratic movement turned out to be internally differentiated both in terms of its programme and its organisation. Groups of centrist, right-of-centre and left-of-centre orientation can be distinguished. What is also important is the reconstruction of the general vision of the world presented by this political movement. It includes the main ideas and social conceptions of the particular currents of the Christian Democratic movement, particular attitudes regarding the role of religion, Churches, social, political and economic questions in a modern democratic state.

Marcin Pomarański

The religious grounds of contemporary secessionist movements in the United States

The arguments justifying secession from the United States have been a feature of the country's politics almost since its birth. In the 21st century dozens of different groups are seeking to achieve this goal. Among many social, political and economic factors such decisions the religion is played a special role. For a large part of the Americans involved in contemporary secessionist movements religion remains the crucial component of local identity. The main goal of the presentation is to analyze the role of religion as a factor shaping contemporary secessionist movements in the United States. The author hypothesizes that in the case of American secessionist movements in the twenty-first century, the religion could be used as twofold role: an integrating factor as well as a destabilizing one.

Dorota Maj

The Ecumenical Movement in Europe in the context of globalization

One of the most interesting phenomena in the contemporary Europe is the Ecumenical Movement, which was launched in the late nineteenth century. The Ecumenical Movement is striving at global, regional, national and local efforts for the unity of the Christian Churches. This efforts take the form of multilateral and bilateral dialogue. The modern ecumenical movement in Europe is mostly influenced by the relationship between non-Catholic organizations and the organizations of the Catholic Church. The scientific goal of article is analysis of the ecumenical movement in Europe in conditions of globalization, in particular (1) the synthesis and analysis of historical, cultural and political aspects of ecumenical movement, (2) the description of the main ecumenical organizations in Europe, (3) the diagnosis of the contemporary state of European ecumenical movement and the analysis of its of possible future development.

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